Basic Cybersecurity Terms and Types That You Should Know!
In this article, we’ll be explaining a glossary of cybersecurity terms or concepts used widely among people. As cyber-attacks are increasing, it is now more critical for everyone to understand cybersecurity for their personal or business security, so understanding cyber security terminology will be a great first step.
Cybersecurity Key Terms
It is the process and technologies used to implement various security mechanisms to help protect data and different assets such as networks and devices.
A term used to identify a cybercriminal who uses his cyber security skills to perform malicious and unauthorized activities.
It is the process of testing a target to reveal its vulnerabilities or weak points and then exploit it to reach restricted data or resources.
Malicious software that does harmful things or performs malicious actions on computers.
It is the art of deceiving people to gain sensitive and valuable information about them.
The process of transforming the data from one shape to another using a scheme and it is easy to reverse.
The process of re-representing data in other forms using a key known as an encryption key.
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)
It is a well-known form of cyber-attacks, and an attempt to overwhelm a server with a huge amount of requests coming from different systems that attackers control to result in the shutdown of the server.
It is the on-demand delivery of computing resources like storage, networking, databases all over the internet and you only pay for what you use.
Main Types of Cybersecurity
1. Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity:
Critical infrastructure security aims to help in securing physical and cyber systems assets that are vital to countries and would make a huge impact on economics and public safety.
Examples of Critical Infrastructure:
⚫ Public health facilities
⚫ Power systems
⚫ Water suppliers
⚫ Renewable energy
As it is vital for society’s safety, organizations should perform security mechanisms and controls to protect their infrastructure and business from cyber-attacks and to also perform an evaluation to attack risks and how to mitigate them.
2. Network Security
Network security is the type of cyber security that aims to protect computer networks most efficiently by applying both software and hardware technologies.
Network security layers should be considered when dealing with any kind of attacks, network security policies must have a design pattern that matches with each layer, the most common layers are Technical, Physical, and Administrative layers.
Network Security Implementations:
⚫ Network applications security
⚫ Constant monitoring
⚫ Many factors authentication
3. Application Security
Application security is the process of developing secure software by adding different security features and applying the best practice in developing various applications and software.
The main phase of application security is testing, there are different approaches to test an application for example:
⚫ Application design review
⚫ Whitebox testing: Manually reviewing the application’s source code to identify flaws
⚫ Blackbox auditing: No source code involved
4. Cloud Security
Most organizations are now heading towards using advanced technologies to improve their productivity and operations efficiency, as the amount of required data for organizations set-up is increasing the usage of cloud technologies is required.
Customers are expecting strict layers of security associated with the cloud capabilities, there must be a broad set of technologies and policies to secure virtual services and infrastructure.
Now, What are the 5 C's of Cybersecurity?
Compliance means applying strict risk controls to help protect accessibility, integrity, and availability of data transferred or stored. The lack of compliance will result in breaches or exposure that will affect the organization financially.
As organizations are facing constantly changing pressures (threats, regulations, technologies) there must be a corresponding change of technologies, policies, business models, also a powerful infrastructure that is capable of quickly responding to different changes. The improvement in change management helps organizations to be more competitive.
Organizations must address carefully the cost of their operational services and also the technologies that are being acquired or accomplished.
Coverage or insurance is mainly focused on mitigating exposures and data breaches and ensuring the integrity of data.
The continuity planning is to ensure that the whole system is recovered in case of any cyber attack coming and to design powerful plans to maintain the productivity of the system.
And, Here is a Glossary of Some Security Terms: